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Chin Colour Crosses   

Black Velvet Crosses

Sapphire Hybrids
 
Sapphire Carrier
[s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     25% Standard Grey [g-g]
  Black Velvet
Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
g BV-g g-g
 
Sapphire
[s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     50% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     50% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
  Black Velvet
Sapphire   X   BV g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
hetero Beige Sapphire Carrier
[B-g + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     12.5% Brown Velvet (hetero Beige) Sapphire Carrier [B-g + BV-g + s-g]
     12.5% Brown Velvet (hetero Beige) [B-g + BV-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     12.5% hetero Beige Sapphire Carrier [B-g + s-g]
     12.5% hetero Beige [B-g]
     12.5% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     12.5% Standard Grey [g-g]
  Black Velvet
hetero Beige Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
B B-g + BV-g B-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
g BV-g g-g
 
hetero Beige Sapphire
[B-g + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Brown Velvet (hetero Beige) Sapphire Carrier [B-g + BV-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     25% hetero Beige Sapphire Carrier [B-g + s-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
  Black Velvet
hetero Beige Sapphire   X   BV g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
homo Beige Sapphire Carrier
[B-B + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Brown Velvet (hetero Beige) Sapphire Carrier [B-g + BV-g + s-g]
     25% Brown Velvet (hetero Beige) [B-g + BV-g]
     25% hetero Beige Sapphire Carrier [B-g + s-g]
     25% hetero Beige [B-g]
  Black Velvet
homo Beige Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
B B-g + BV-g B-g
B B-g + BV-g B-g
 
homo Beige Sapphire
[B-B + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     50% Brown Velvet (homo Beige) Sapphire Carrier [B-g + BV-g + s-g]
     50% homo Beige Sapphire Carrier [B-g + s-g]
  Black Velvet
homo Beige Sapphire   X   BV g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
B,s B-g + BV-g + s-g B-g + s-g
 
Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier
[BV-g + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     33.3% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     33.3% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     16.7% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     16.7% Standard Grey [g-g]

[Note: the combinations "BV-BV" and "BV-BV + s-g" are non-viable due to the Lethal Factor associated with the homozygous Black Velvet state.]
  Black Velvet
Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
BV,c (BV-BV + s-g) BV-g + s-g
BV (BV-BV) BV-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
g BV-g g-g
 
Black Velvet Sapphire
[BV-g + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     66.7% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     33.3% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]

[Note: the combination "BV-BV + s-g" is non-viable due to the Lethal Factor associated with the homozygous Black Velvet state.]
  Black Velvet
Black Velvet Sapphire   X   BV g
BV,s (BV-BV + s-g) BV-g + s-g
BV,s (BV-BV + s-g) BV-g + s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
Wilson White Sapphire Carrier
[W-g + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     12.5% Black White Cross Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + W-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black White Cross [BV-g + W-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     12.5% Wilson White Sapphire Carrier [W-g + s-g]
     12.5% Wilson White [W-g]
     12.5% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     12.5% Standard Grey [g-g]
  Black Velvet
Wilson White Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
W,s BV-g + W-g + s-g W-g + s-g
W BV-g + W-g W-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
g BV-g g-g
 
Wilson White Sapphire
[W-g + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black White Cross Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + W-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     25% Wilson White Sapphire Carrier [W-g + s-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
  Black Velvet
Wilson White Sapphire   X   BV g
W,s BV-g + W-g + s-g W-g + s-g
W,s BV-g + W-g + s-g W-g + s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
White Mosaic Sapphire Carrier
[W*-g + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     12.5% Black White Mosaic Cross Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + W*-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black White Mosaic Cross [BV-g + W*-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     12.5% White Mosaic Sapphire Carrier [W*-g + s-g]
     12.5% White Mosaic [W*-g]
     12.5% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     12.5% Standard Grey [g-g]
  Black Velvet
White Mosaic Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
W*,s BV-g + W*-g + s-g W*-g + s-g
W* BV-g + W*-g W*-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
g BV-g g-g
 
White Mosaic Sapphire
[W*-g + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black White Mosaic Cross Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + W*-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     25% White Mosaic Sapphire Carrier [W*-g + s-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
  Black Velvet
White Mosaic Sapphire   X   BV g
W*,s BV-g + W*-g + s-g W*-g + s-g
W*,s BV-g + W*-g + s-g W*-g + s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier
[c-g + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     12.5% Black Velvet Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + c-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Charcoal Carrier [BV-g + c-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     12.5% Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [c-g + s-g]
     12.5% Charcoal Carrier [c-g]
     12.5% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     12.5% Standard Grey [g-g]
  Black Velvet
Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
c BV-g + c-g c-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
g BV-g g-g
 
Charcoal Sapphire Carrier
[c-c + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black Velvet Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + c-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet Charcoal Carrier [BV-g + c-g]
     25% Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [c-g + s-g]
     25% Charcoal Carrier [c-g]
  Black Velvet
Charcoal Sapphire Carrier   X   g g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
c BV-g + c-g c-g
c BV-g + c-g c-g
 
Charcoal Sapphire
[c-c + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     50% Black Velvet Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + c-g + s-g]
     50% Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [c-g + s-g]
  Black Velvet
Charcoal Sapphire   X   BV g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
 
hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier
[e-g + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     12.5% Black Velvet hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + e-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet hetero Ebony [BV-g + e-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     12.5% hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [e-g + s-g]
     12.5% hetero Ebony [e-g]
     12.5% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     12.5% Standard Grey [g-g]
  Black Velvet
hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
e BV-g + e-g e-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
g BV-g g-g
 
hetero Ebony Sapphire
[e-g + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black Velvet hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + e-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     25% hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [e-g + s-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
  Black Velvet
hetero Ebony Sapphire   X   BV g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
homo Ebony Sapphire Carrier
[e-e + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black Velvet hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + e-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet hetero Ebony [BV-g + e-g]
     25% hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [e-g + s-g]
     25% hetero Ebony [s-g]
  Black Velvet
homo Ebony Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
e BV-g + e-g e-g
e BV-g + e-g e-g
 
homo Ebony Sapphire
[e-e + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     50% Black Velvet hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + e-g + s-g]
     50% hetero Ebony Sapphire Carrier [e-g + s-g]
  Black Velvet
homoEbony Sapphire   X   BV g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
e,s BV-g + e-g + s-g e-g + s-g
 
Sapphire Charcoal Carrier
[c-g + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black Velvet Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + c-g + s-g]
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     25% Charcoal Carrier Sapphire Carrier [c-g + s-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
  Black Velvet
Charcoal Carrier Sapphire   X   BV g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
c,s BV-g + c-g + s-g c-g + s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
Sapphire Violet Carrier
[s-s + v-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [BV-g + s-g + v-g]
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [s-g + v-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
  Black Velvet
Violet Carrier Sapphire   X   BV g
s,v BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
s,v BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
 
Sapphire Violet
[s-s + v-v]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     50% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [BV-g + s-g + v-g]
     50% Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [s-g + v-g]
  Black Velvet
Violet Sapphire   X   BV g
s,v BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
s,v BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
s,v BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
s,v BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
 
Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier
[s-g + v-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     12.5% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [BV-g + s-g + v-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet Violet Carrier [BV-g + v-g]
     12.5% Black Velvet [BV-g]
     12.5% Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [s-g + v-g]
     12.5% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]
     12.5% Violet Carrier [v-g]
     12.5% Standard Grey [g-g]
  Black Velvet
Violet Carrier Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
s,v BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
v BV-g + v-g v-g
g BV-g g-g
 
Violet Sapphire Carrier
[v-v + s-g]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     25% Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [BV-g + s-g + v-g]
     25% Black Velvet Violet Carrier [BV-g + v-g]
     25% Sapphire Carrier Violet Carrier [s-g + v-g]
     25% Violet Carrier [v-g]
  Black Velvet
Violet Sapphire Carrier   X   BV g
v,s BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
v,s BV-g + s-g + v-g s-g + v-g
v BV-g + v-g v-g
v BV-g + v-g v-g
 
TOV Sapphire
[BV-g + s-s]
X Black Velvet
[BV-g]
  

Offspring:
     66.7% TOV Standard Sapphire Carrier or Black Velvet Sapphire Carrier [BV-g + s-g]
     33.3% Sapphire Carrier [s-g]

[Note: the combination "BV-BV + s-g" is non-viable due to the Lethal Factor associated with the homozygous Black Velvet state.]
  Black Velvet
TOV Sapphire   X   BV g
BV,s (BV-BV + s-g) BV-g + s-g
BV,s (BV-BV + s-g) BV-g + s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g
s BV-g + s-g s-g


 
Alleleic Codes:
  
  g = Standard Grey
BV = Black Velvet
W = Wilson White
W* = White Mosaic
B = Tower Beige
c = Charcoal
e = Ebony
s = Sapphire
v = Violet
a = Albino


 
Comments:
  
1.   Alleleic Conventions

The Punnett Squares used on this page are not strictly correct. Throughout, the letter "g" has been used to represent the off-state for any particular colour trait. This makes it easier to scan each Punnett Square quickly and also makes it easier for novices to learn genetics.

Note that capital letters are employed to represent the on-state for dominant traits [ie., BV, B, W, W*] while lowercase letters represent recessive traits [ie., c, e, s, v] in the on-state.

Technically, lowercase letters should be used for dominant traits in the off-state [ie., bv, b, w, w*] while capital letters would be used for the off-state of recessive alleles [ie., C, E, S, V] . Not only can this be confusing for genetics novices but the low screen resolution typically used to view web pages makes it difficult to visually distinguish between upper- and lowercases of such letters as C, S, V, W* & W.

The following demonstrates the differences between Punnett Squares that are technically correct [on the left] and the style used for this page [on the right] :

Strict Punnett Square
MonoHybrid Cross

Standard Grey [b-b]
X
hetero Beige [B-b]

  Standard Grey
hetero Beige   X   b b
B B-b B-b
b b-b b-b
Simplified Punnett Square
MonoHybrid Cross

Standard Grey [g-g]
X
hetero Beige [B-g]

  Standard Grey
hetero Beige   X   g g
B B-g B-g
b b-g b-g
 
Strict Punnett Square
DiHybrid Cross

Brown Velvet (hetero Beige) [BV-bv + B-b + w-w]
X
Pink White (hetero Beige) [bv-bv + B-b + W-w]

  Brown Velvet (hetero Beige)
Pink White (hetero Beige)   X   BV, B, w BV, b, w bv, B, w bv, b, w
bv, B, W BV-bv
B-B
W-w
BV-bv
B-g
W-w
bv-bv
B-B
W-w
bv-bv
B-b
W-w
bv, b, W BV-bv
B-b
W-w
BV-bv
b-b
W-w
bv-bv
B-b
W-w
bv-bv
b-b
W-g
bv, B, w BV-bv
B-B
w-w
BV-bv
B-b
w-w
bv-bv
B-B
w-w
bv-bv
B-g
w-w
bv, b, w BV-bv
B-b
w-w
BV-bv
b-b
w-w
bv-bv
B-b
w-w
bv-bv
b-b
w-w
Simplified Punnett Square
DiHybrid Cross

Brown Velvet (hetero Beige) [BV-g + B-g]
X
Pink White (hetero Beige) [B-g + W-g]


  Brown Velvet (hetero Beige)
Pink White (hetero Beige)   X   BV, B BV B g
B, W BV-g
B-B
W-g
BV-g
B-g
W-g
B-B
W-g
B-g
W-g
W BV-g
B-g
W-g
BV-g
W-g
B-g
W-g
W-g
B BV-g
B-B
BV-g
B-g
B-B B-g
g BV-g
B-g
BV-g B-g g-g

2.   Potential Outcomes


3.   Redundant Entries:
  • There are several redundant entries in the various Chin Colour Crosses which merely reflect acceptable variations in nomenclature. For instance:
      Black Velvet X Standard Grey <=> TOV Standard X Standard Grey
Black White Cross X Standard Grey <=> TOV White X Standard Grey
Brown Velvet X Standard Grey <=> TOV Beige X Standard Grey
Black Velvet hetero Ebony X Standard Grey <=> TOV Ebony (hetero Ebony) X Standard Grey
Black Velvet homo Ebony X Standard Grey <=> TOV Ebony (homo Ebony) X Standard Grey
Black Velvet Charcoal X Standard Grey <=> TOV Charcoal X Standard Grey
Black Velvet Sapphire X Standard Grey <=> TOV Sapphire X Standard Grey
Black Velvet Violet X Standard Grey <=> TOV Violet X Standard Grey
Charcoal Carrier X Standard Grey <=> Standard Grey Charcoal Carrier X Standard Grey
Charcoal X Standard Grey <=> Standard Grey Charcoal X Standard Grey
Sapphire Carrier X Standard Grey <=> Standard Grey Sapphire Carrier X Standard Grey
Sapphire X Standard Grey <=> Standard Grey Sapphire X Standard Grey
Violet Carrier X Standard Grey <=> Standard Grey Violet Carrier X Standard Grey
Violet X Standard Grey <=> Standard Grey Violet X Standard Grey

4.   Wilson Whites vs White Mosaic entries
  • Even though Wilson Whites and White Mosaics [including Silvers] are usually modelled as genotypically "equivalent", separate entries have been created mainly because the White Mosaics have a very high tendency to begat more White Mosaics rather than revert back to pure Wilson Whites. The alleles associated with White Mosaics have been flagged with an asterisk [ie., W* ] to indicate this phenomenon.

5.   Carriers vs Crosses
  • The term "Carrier" is typically employed to refer to a Chin colour DiHybrid in which a Recessive Trait such as Charcoal, Sapphire, or Violet exists in the heterozygous state and therefore is NOT expressed [that is, it is invisible]. This convention does not work well with hetero Ebony DiHybrids because even in the heterozygous state, the Ebony Trait, a Cumulative Recessive or weakly dominant trait, is still expressed.
  • The term "Cross" is typically employed to refer to a Chin colour DiHybrid involving Dominant Traits or when a Recessive Trait such as Charcoal, Sapphire, or Violet exists in the homozygous state and therefore is expressed [that is, "visible"]. This convention is applicable to homo Ebony DiHybrids but still leaves hetero Ebony DiHybrids in limbo. Accordingly, these two Ebony states are better referred to in the Chin Colour Crosses as simply "homo Ebony" and "hetero Ebony", respectively.

6.   TOVs
  • The term "TOV" means "Touch of Velvet" and refers to a DiHybrid which contains the Black Velvet Trait in the heterozygous state. As well, a regular Black Velvet is also a "TOV Standard". [Note: the Black Velvet Trait cannot exist in the homozygous state because the associated Lethal Factor precludes fetal development.]

7.   TriHybrids
  • The file size of each of the Chin Colour Crosses pages is already quite large with just a listing of Monohybrid and DiHybrid crosses with another MonoHybrid. Therefore, TriHybrids and higher have not been included at this time.

8.   Browser Requirements
  • JavaScript must be enabled in order to use the navigation menus and buttons
  • The Chin Colour Crosses were designed with a screen resolution of 800 x 600 [with large fonts] in mind. However, this was not entirely successful so a screen resolution of 1024 x 768 may be more appropriate to eliminate line wrapping.
  • The Chin Colour Crosses have been successfully tested with both Netscape 4.7 and MS Internet Explorer 4.


 
CopyRight:
  
Created by ChinMania

1999-2005 ChinMania & AniMania The concept, design, and all content of ChinMania, Chin Colour Crosses, the Chin Owners Directory as well as the terms "ChinMania", "Chinmania", "chinmania", "Chin Mania", "Chin mania", "chin mania", "ChinManiac", "Chinmaniac", "chinmaniac", "Chin Maniac", "Chin maniac", "chin maniac", and any derivations thereof, is copyrighted by ChinMania and AniMania ( 1999-2005 ChinMania & AniMania ) and may not be used without the express written permission of ChinMania and AniMania.


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