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Solid Sapphires

 

Creating Solid Sapphires

 

There have been a number of inquiries regarding how to breed Solid or "Wrap-around" Sapphires in which the bellies are also sapphire coloured.

Sapphires, like Violets, are recessives and have white bellies. However, both Charcoals [in the homozygous state] and Ebonies are characterized by belly colouration. Therefore, due to the interaction between the Sapphire and either Charcoal or Ebony traits, it is quite possible to produce Sapphires with coloured bellies.

A "Wrap-around" or Solid Sapphire could be either a "homo Sapphire homo Charcoal" [s-s + c-c] or a "homo Sapphire hetero Ebony" [s-s + e-g] . However, a "homo Sapphire homo Ebony" [s-s + e-e] won't work because the "homo Ebony" component would be too dark and mask the Sapphire component. Since Charcoal is now relatively rare, most would use Ebony to create the "Wrap-around" or Solid Sapphire.

To produce kits with either of the above two Solid Sapphire colourations, the parents must possess the following genetic states:

 

Ebony-based Solid Sapphires

 

In comparison to Charcoal-based Solid Sapphires, Ebony-based Solid Sapphires are potentially more variable in shading due to the cumulative recessive nature of the Ebony trait in the heterozygous state. Specifically, the Ebony trait in the heterozygous state will demonstrate progressive darkening through successive generations of hetero Ebony to hetero Ebony mating. This will naturally affect the intensity of the sapphire colouration in corresponding Ebony-based Solid Sapphires.

The following Punnett Squares illustrate all of the scenarios involving Ebony as the wrap-around influence for Solid Sapphires:

1. Sapphire homo Ebony [s-s + e-e] X Sapphire [s-s]

  Sapphire
Sapphire homo Ebony   X   s s
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g

Therefore, 100% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

2. Sapphire homo Ebony [s-s + e-e] X Sapphire Carrier [s-g]

  Sapphire Carrier
Sapphire homo Ebony   X   s g
s,e s-s + e-g s-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-g

Therefore, 50% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

3. Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony [s-g + e-e] X Sapphire [s-s]

  Sapphire
Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony   X   s s
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
e s-g + e-g s-g + e-g
e s-g + e-g s-g + e-g

Therefore, 50% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

4. Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony [s-g + e-e] X Sapphire Carrier [s-g]

  Sapphire Carrier
Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony   X   s g
s,e s-s + e-g e-g
s,e s-s + e-g e-g
e s-g + e-g e-g
e s-g + e-g e-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

5. Sapphire hetero Ebony [s-s + e-g] X Sapphire [s-s]

  Sapphire
Sapphire hetero Ebony   X   s s
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s s-s s-s
s s-s s-s

Therefore, 50% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

6. Sapphire hetero Ebony [s-s + e-g] X Sapphire Carrier [s-g]

  Sapphire Carrier
Sapphire hetero Ebony   X   s g
s,e s-s + e-g s-g
s,e s-s + e-g s-g
s s-s s-g
s s-s s-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

7. Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony [s-g + e-g] X Sapphire [s-s]

  Sapphire
Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony   X   s s
s,e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s s-s s-s
e s-g + e-g s-g + e-g
g s-g s-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

8. Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony [s-g + e-g] X Sapphire Carrier [s-g]

  Sapphire Carrier
Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony   X   s g
s,e s-s + e-g s-g + e-g
s s-s s-g
e s-g + e-g e-g
g s-g g-g

Therefore, 12.5% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

9. Sapphire homo Ebony [s-s + e-e] X Sapphire hetero Ebony [s-s + e-g]

  Sapphire hetero Ebony
Sapphire homo Ebony   X   s,e s,e s s
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g

Therefore, 50% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

10. Sapphire homo Ebony [s-s + e-e] X Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony [s-g + e-g]

  Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony
Sapphire homo Ebony   X   s,e s e g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

11. Sapphire hetero Ebony [s-s + e-g] X Sapphire hetero Ebony [s-s + e-g]

  Sapphire hetero Ebony
Sapphire hetero Ebony   X   s,e s,e s s
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-s + e-g
s s-s + e-g s-s + e-g s-s s-s
s s-s + e-g s-s + e-g s-s s-s

Therefore, 50% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

12. Sapphire hetero Ebony [s-s + e-g] X Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony [s-g + e-e]

  Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony
Sapphire hetero Ebony   X   s,e s,e e e
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-g + e-e s-g + e-e
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-e s-g + e-e s-g + e-e
s s-s + e-g s-s + e-g s-g + e-g s-g + e-g
s s-s + e-g s-s + e-g s-g + e-g s-g + e-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

13. Sapphire hetero Ebony [s-s + e-g] X Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony [s-g + e-g]

  Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony
Sapphire hetero Ebony   X   s,e s e g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
s s-s + e-g s-s s-g + e-g s-g
s s-s + e-g s-s s-g + e-g s-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

14. Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony [s-g + e-e] X Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony [s-g + e-g]

  Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony
Sapphire Carrier homo Ebony   X   s,e s e g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
e s-g + e-e s-g + e-g e-e e-g
e s-g + e-e s-g + e-g e-e e-g

Therefore, 12.5% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]

15. Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony [s-g + e-g] X Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony [s-g + e-g]

  Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony
Sapphire Carrier hetero Ebony   X   s,e s e g
s,e s-s + e-e s-s + e-g s-g + e-e s-g + e-g
s s-s + e-g s-s s-g + e-g s-g
e s-g + e-e s-g + e-g e-e e-g
g s-g + e-g s-g e-g g-g

Therefore, 12.5% Solid Sapphire [s-s + e-g]
 

Charcoal-based Solid Sapphires

 

In comparison to Ebony-based Solid Sapphires, Charcoal-based Solid Sapphires will be more consistent in shading. However, since Charcoal is now quite rare, it is unlikely that many Charcoal-based Solid Sapphires exist or will be bred.

The following Punnett Squares illustrate all of the scenarios involving Charcoal as the wrap-around agent for Solid Sapphires:

1. Sapphire Charcoal [s-s + c-c] X Sapphire Charcoal Carrier [s-s + c-g]

  Sapphire Charcoal Carrier
Sapphire Charcoal   X   s,c s,c s s
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-s + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-s + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-s + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-s + c-g

Therefore, 50% Solid Sapphire [s-s + c-c]

2. Sapphire Charcoal [s-s + c-c] X Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier [s-g + c-g]

  Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier
Sapphire Charcoal   X   s,c s c g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + c-c]

3. Sapphire Charcoal Carrier [s-s + c-g] X Sapphire Charcoal Carrier [s-s + c-g]

  Sapphire Charcoal Carrier
Sapphire Charcoal Carrier   X   s,c s,c s s
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-s + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-s + c-g
s s-s + c-g s-s + c-g s-s s-s
s s-s + c-g s-s + c-g s-s s-s

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + c-c]

4. Sapphire Charcoal Carrier [s-s + c-g] X Sapphire Carrier Charcoal [s-g + c-c]

  Sapphire Carrier Charcoal
Sapphire Charcoal Carrier   X   s,c s,c c c
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-g + c-c s-g + c-c
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-c s-g + c-c s-g + c-c
s s-s + c-g s-s + c-g s-g + c-g s-g + c-g
s s-s + c-g s-s + c-g s-g + c-g s-g + c-g

Therefore, 25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + c-c]

5. Sapphire Charcoal Carrier [s-s + c-g] X Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier [s-g + c-g]

  Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier
Sapphire Charcoal Carrier   X   s,c s c g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
s s-s + c-g s-s s-g + c-g s-g
s s-s + c-g s-s s-g + c-g s-g

Therefore, 12.5% Solid Sapphire [s-s + c-c]

6. Sapphire Carrier Charcoal [s-g + c-c] X Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier [s-g + c-g]

  Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier
Sapphire Carrier Charcoal   X   s,c s c g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
c s-g + c-c s-g + c-g c-c c-g
c s-g + c-c s-g + c-g c-c c-g

Therefore, 12.5% Solid Sapphire [s-s + c-c]

7. Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier [s-g + c-g] X Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier [s-g + c-g]

  Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier
Sapphire Carrier Charcoal Carrier   X   s,c s c g
s,c s-s + c-c s-s + c-g s-g + c-c s-g + c-g
s s-s + c-g s-s s-g + c-g s-g
c s-g + c-c s-g + c-g c-c c-g
g s-g + c-g s-g c-g g-g

Therefore, 6.25% Solid Sapphire [s-s + c-c]


 
Alleleic Codes:
  
  g = Standard Grey
BV = Black Velvet
W = Wilson White
W* = White Mosaic
B = Tower Beige
c = Charcoal
e = Ebony
s = Sapphire
v = Violet
a = Albino



 
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